Indian Railways News

Surat Metro Rail project: Revised DPR to be approved this month-end soon!

The revised detailed project report (DPR) of Surat metro rail is likely to be approved by the local authorities by this month-end.

The revised DPR proposes setting up of four elevated stations of the total 38 rail stations on public private partnership (PPP) mode at a cost of Rs 111.88 crore. Dream City company would construct other stations at a cost of Rs 31.20 crore each. The 40 km metro corridor in Surat will have two corridors and 38 stations. Corridor one begins from Sarthana up to Dream City and corridor number 2 from Saroli up to Bhesan. Surat metro rail is Rs 12,600 crore project and is expected to become operational in 2023.

The four elevated stations that the Surat Municipal Corporation would build with private partners will be at Rupali canal, Althan tenement, aquarium and Athwa chowpaty. SMC would give nearby commercial plots to developers for fulfilling the obligations under the PPP agreement.

Under central government’s transit oriented policy (TOP), empty spaces on both sides of the metro rail would be utilized for development projects. Sixty per cent of income generated from additional or paid FSI would be used in the maintenance of metro rail. This amount would be around Rs 1,138 crore at the rate of 3 per cent per year growth by 2038. SMC adviser and former city engineer Jatin Shah said, “SMC is ready to embrace metro rail. We are in the stage of finalization of the mega project that would change the mass transport scenario of Surat.”

Municipal commissioner M Thennarasan said, “We are in the process of sorting out private partners for the project. The metro rail project could be launched in the beginning of 2019.”

Railways plans 12-car Local Trains with six AC coaches for Mumbai Commuters

Commuters struggling through the humid summer in crowded locals may have something to cheer about soon, with the Railway Board planning to introduce air conditioned coaches. A Railways official said the Integral Coach Factory (ICF) will be floating a global tender for 34 12-coach AC trains, which will be split in two and attached to existing suburban trains.

“The tender will specify that the AC train’s software should be compatible with that of at least one manufacturers of existing rakes.” Most of the rakes used for suburban services are made by Bombardier and Siemens.

The six AC coaches, or half a train, will also have a motor car, the official said. Sources said both Siemens and Bombardier were consulted on the technical feasibility before the decision was taken.

Logistical issues

A Railways official said some logistical issues are expected. “The non-AC section of the rake will definitely be more crowded, which means one part of the platform will be more crowded. We are working on measures to decongest platforms at several stations, and many of these are in various stages of implementation, including more foot overbridges and removing obstructions. These measures will be revisited if partly AC rakes are to be introduced.”

The partly AC local was announced by Union Minister of Railways and Coal Piyush Goyal while inaugurating the Andheri-Goregaon Harbour Line extension on March 29. He had also said the AC coaches will have two passenger classes.

The Railways was faced with two options: rakes with three or six AC coaches. “The six-coach arrangement was generally favoured as it seemed technically more feasible,” an official said. The AC local recently introduced by Western Railway has six coaches connected via vestibules.

According to the Railways, partly AC rakes will mean more AC coaches during peak hours. Presently, the AC local runs only two services during peak hours. Many commuters have complained that as the AC local is a part of scheduled services, the wait for a non-AC local becomes longer. The AC local, built by Bharat Heavy Electrical Limited, does 12 trips on weekdays. Six more AC rakes are expected to be added by year-end.

The partly AC rakes will be in addition to the 47 AC rakes and 210 AC rakes that the Mumbai Rail Vikas Corporation will be procuring under the Mumbai Urban Transport Project (MUTP) 3 and MUTP 3A.

Separate Visakhapatnam Railway Zone gets Centre’s nod?

VISAKHAPATNAM / NEW DELHI: In all likelihood, an official announcement on the creation of a railway zone with Visakhapatnam as its headquarters will come soon, maybe by the end of this month or early next month.

According to sources, the NDA government at the Centre had taken a political decision for the creation of the zone. What remains is only administrative follow-up.

The sources said the Union government had completed necessary exercise and has given go ahead signal to the Railway officials to complete the exercise as soon as possible.

As a part of the formation of the zone, a five-member committee of the Railway Board and Railway Ministry is expected to visit Visakhapatnam in the next week. After the committee makes an assessment and submits the report, the government will announce the formation of the zone, the sources said.

The new railway zone will have Vijayawada, Guntur and Guntakal divisions apart from the Waltair division, but only the part that is in AP. The Waltair division extends beyond AP borders and the undivided Waltair Division used to net an annual revenue of Rs 6,500 crore per annum for the East Coast Railway.

As most of the revenue is by way of import of iron ore from outside AP, after the bifurcation of the Waltair division, the revenue of part of Waltair division in AP will go down to Rs 1,300 crore per annum.

This way there might not be any resistance from Odisha but it is not clear how people in AP would react. But the officials are moving ahead with this formula, hoping that at the end of the day, the Centre might divide the revenue of the Waltair division between AP and Odisha.

In fact, the Centre shared the information about the formation of the new Railway Zone with all the senior BJP leaders and MPs in both Andhra Pradesh and Odisha.

“The BJP government has said the Railway Zone will come up in its 2014-19 tenure only. Officials and the committees will visit as per the government decision but I do not have communication about the dates of the visit,” Vizag MP K Haribabu.

Bogibeel, India’s longest road-rail bridge, to be inaugurated by PM Modi this year

In a major boost to defence logistics along the border with China, India’s longest road and railway bridge connecting Dibrugarh in Assam to Pasighat in Arunachal Pradesh is likely to be inaugurated later this year by Prime Minister Narendra Modi.

While all the civil work would be completed by July this year, two more months would be needed to finish the electrical and signalling work on the 4.94 km bridge, said Mahender Singh, Chief Engineer, construction, Bogibeel project.

The Bogibeel bridge is likely to be inaugurated by Prime Minister Narendra Modi by the end of this year, officials said.

The bridge, which is the second longest in Asia, has three lane roads on top and double line rail below.

The bridge is 32 metres above the water level of the Brahamaputra and is fashioned on a bridge that links Sweden and Denmark.

For the government, the bridge, officials said is both a symbol of development in the northeast as well as part of a strategic move solving logistical issues for the armed forces stationed at the China border to get supplies from Tezpur.

Bogibeel is part of infrastructure projects planned by India to improve logistics along the border in Arunachal Pradesh. This includes the construction of a trans-Arunachal highway on the north bank of the Brahmaputra, and new road and rail links over the mighty river and its major tributaries such as the Dibang, Lohit, Subansiri and Kameng.

India and China share a nearly 4,000 km border, with almost 75 per cent in Arunachal Pradesh.

As of now, the rail and road link to Arunachal is through three Assam bridges – Jogighopa in Bongaigaon district, Saraighat near Guwahati, and Kolia-Bhomora between Sonitpur and Nagaon.

This means that a cargo from Dibrugarh in the north-eastern corner of Assam takes over a 600 km detour merely to cross the Brahmaputra.

The other alternative is crossing by ferry, but it is not suitable for heavy cargo and due to monsoons for six months between May-October, ferry services often remain disrupted.

“Now, to go from Dibrugarh to Arunachal Pradesh by train, one has to go via Guwahati with more than 500 km detour. With this bridge, the journey will be less than 100 km,” said Singh.

Though approved in 1996, construction of the bridge was initiated by the first BJP-led NDA government in 2002.

1. Connectivity: Bogibeel bridge, which has taken several years to build, will connect the North and South banks of river Brahmaputra in the Eastern region of Assam and Arunachal Pradesh.

2. Defence boost: The 4.94 kilometres long Bogibeel bridge will be a big boost for the defence forces as it will provide faster connectivity to areas near the India-China border. This means swifter movement of troops and weapons systems.

3. The journey: Bogibeel bridge is located around 17-kilometres away (downstream) of Assam’s Dibrugarh area. As stated above, the foundation stone for the Bogibeel bridge was laid on 2022 and in 2007, the UPA government had accorded it the status of a National Project. The Modi government had asked for expediting work on the bridge which had already missed several deadlines.

4. Challenges: Bogibeel bridge is also unique for the challenges that were faced in constructing it. Speaking to Financial Express Online, North-East Frontier Railway CPRO Pranav Jyoti Sharma has earlier said that crucial the work for the bridge could only happen between November and March. That’s because early flooding the river Brahmaputra makes it unsafe to continue work. The bridge required huge amounts of construction material to be mobilised in those few months. According to Sharma, the transportation of concrete across the river channels of 600 metres to 900 metres width from the banks was the biggest challenge. This was overcome by adopting pumping of concrete through pipe line laid over buoys.

5. Rail links: As mentioned above, Bogibeel is a rail-cum road bridge and will connect two existing railway networks that run at the North and South banks of river Brahmaputra. At the South bank of the river, the railway link starts from Chalkhowa and Moranhat stations and joins in between the Sisibargaon and Siripani stations of Rangiya-Murkongselek section at North Bank through the Bogibeel bridge.

The North bank railway link was converted from metre gauge to broad gauge. According to Indian Railways, the block section between Dhamalgaon and Tangani station will be a double line section under which the Bogibeel Bridge lies.

6: Road links: A 29.446 km national highway will connect NH-37 at South Bank and NH-52 at North Bank of river Brahmaputra. The national highway road link will consist of 11.25 km at South Bank, 13.26 km at North Bank and 4.94 km on the Bogibeel bridge.

7. Saving time: Bogibeel bridge’s biggest benefit is the time that it will save. As of now a train journey from Arunachal Pradesh to Assam’s Dibrugarh requires a 500 km detour via Guwahati. Now, the journey will be less than 100 km. Also, the train journey between Delhi and Dibrugarh will also come down from 37 hours at present (via Guwahati) to 34 hours – a reduction of 3 hours.

8. Fully welded structure: According to Pranav Jyoti Sharma, Bogibeel bridge is a 100% welded bridge! Technology from firms of Sweden and Denmark have been used for its construction. One advantage of a 100% welded ridge is that it is light and the fully welded girders mean reduction in the weight when compared to riveted girders.

9. Estimated cost: The Bogibeel bridge project was initially sanctioned at a cost of Rs 3230.02 crore, but the final cost was revised to Rs 4857 crore keeping in mind cost escalation and increase in the length of the bridge to 4.94 km as against 4.31 km proposed earlier.

10. Other facts: Bogibeel bridge is the second longest in Asia and has been built 32 metres above the Brahmaputra river water level. The design of the bridge is similar to that of a bridge that connects Denmark and Sweden.

If one dies getting on or off Train, Railways must pay Compensation: Supreme Court (Download Judgement)

The Supreme Court passed a detailed judgment clarifying the law with respect to certain subjects which repeatedly arise in railway accident claims before Railway Claims Tribunal. What the Supreme Court ruled on Strict Liability and Burden of Proof!

NEW DELHI: The Supreme Court ruled on Wednesday that the railways would be liable to pay compensation to passengers in case of death or injury while boarding and de-boarding trains and said it cannot deny such claims citing negligence on the part of passengers.

A bench of Justices A K Goel and R F Nariman held that death or injury during boarding or de-boarding a train will be an ‘untoward incident’ entitling the victim to compensation.

As per Section 124A of the Railways Act, 1989, no compensation shall be payable by the railway administration if the passenger dies or suffers injury due to suicide or attempted suicide by him, self-inflicted injury, his own criminal act or any act committed by him in a state of intoxication or insanity.

Different high courts have given contradictory verdicts as some of them held that injury or death during boarding and de-boarding because of negligence of the victim was at par with self-inflicted injury. Some HCs though applied the principles of strict liability on the railways for such incidents.

Putting an end to the controversy, the apex court ruled that the railways is liable to pay compensation to victims as compensation is payable whether or not there has been wrongful act, neglect or fault on the part of the railway administration in case of an accident or untoward incident.

The court said the concept of ‘self-inflicted injury’ would require intention to inflict such injury and negligence on the part of passenger, which is one of the grounds to decline compensation, could not be brought within its ambit.

The judgment was delivered by a Bench of Justices AK Goel and Rohinton Fali Nariman in an appeal preferred against an award of compensation of Rs. 4 lakh under Section 124A of the Railways Act, 1989.

The respondent had filed a claim for compensation for death of her husband Jatan Gope in an ‘untoward incident’ in 2002. Her case was that the deceased had purchased a second class train ticket and he fell down from the train due to rush of passengers and died on the spot.

One Kailash Gope who witnessed the deceased purchasing the ticket and boarding the train filed an affidavit stating these facts. He was not cross-examined. The case of the respondent was that the ticket was not recovered from the possession of the deceased as it may have been lost somewhere.

The claim was contested by the Central government (appellant). It was stated that the deceased was not a passenger but was wandering near the railway track. Cousin of the deceased stated that the deceased was suffering from mental disorder and was wandering in that state of mind. However, he was not examined as a witness.

The Tribunal dismissed the claim on the ground that it was not a case of ‘untoward incident’ but a case of ‘run over’ and that the deceased was not a bona fide passenger.

The High Court set aside the order of the Tribunal by relying upon the evidence of Kailash Gope who had filed affidavit to the effect that the deceased had purchased ticket and had boarded the train. The Central government then preferred an appeal to the Supreme Court.

The Supreme Court ruled on the following four issues:

Application of Principle of Strict Liability – Concept of Self Inflicted Injury

The Court made it amply clear that the principle of strict liability applies and held that Sections 124 and 124A provide that in the case of an accident or an ‘untoward incident’ compensation is payable whether or not there has been wrongful act, neglect or fault on the part of the railway administration.

Only exceptions are those provided in the proviso to Section 124A. Where principle of strict liability applies, proof of negligence is not required, the Court stated.

The Court therefore, held that death or injury in the course of boarding or de-boarding a train will be an ‘untoward incident’ entitling a victim to the compensation and will not fall under the proviso to Section 124A merely on the plea of negligence of the victim as a contributing factor.

Burden of proof when Body Found on Railway Premises

Addressing this issue, the Court noted that conflicting decisions have been pointed out on this subject.

The Court however, held that mere presence of a body in the Railway premises will not be conclusive to hold that the injured or deceased was a bona fide passenger for which claim for compensation could be maintained.

However, mere absence of ticket with such injured or deceased will not negative the claim that he was a bona fide passenger. Initial burden will be on the claimant which can be discharged by filing an affidavit of the relevant facts and burden will then shift on to the Railways and the issue can be decided on the facts shown or the attending circumstances. This will have to be dealt with from case to case on the basis of facts found, the Court held.

Quantum of compensation

The Court held that compensation will be payable as applicable on the date of the accident with interest as may be considered reasonable from time to time on the same pattern as in accident claim cases. If the amount so calculated is less than the amount prescribed as on the date of the award of the Tribunal, the claimant will be entitled to higher of the two amounts.

The Court in the process also explained the “seeming conflict in Rathi Menon and Kalandi Charan Sahoo” while holding that the 4-Judge Bench judgment in Pratap Narain Singh Deo holds the field on the subject.

“Compensation as applicable on the date of the accident has to be given with reasonable interest and to give effect to the mandate of beneficial legislation, if compensation as provided on the date of award of the Tribunal is higher than unrevised amount with interest, the higher of the two amounts has to be given.”

Rate of interest

Rate of interest has to be reasonable at par with accident claim cases.

“….though this Court in Thazhathe Purayil Sarabi (supra) held that rate of interest has to be at the rate of 6% from the date of application till the date of the award and 9% thereafter and 9% rate of interest was awarded from the date of application in Mohamadi (supra), rate of interest has to be reasonable rate at par with accident claim cases.”

The Court held that in the absence of any specific statutory provision, interest can be awarded from the date of accident itself when the liability of the Railways arises upto the date of payment, without any difference in the stages. Legal position in this regard is at par with the cases of accident claims under the Motor Vehicles Act, 1988.

Western Railway to run 10 Trips of Bandra (T)–Okha Summer Special Superfast Train

For the convenience of passengers during the ensuing summer vacation & with a view to clear the extra rush during the season, Western Rly will run additional weekly superfast special train on special fare between Bandra (T) and Okha.

  • 09561/09562 Bandra (T) – Okha Weekly Superfast Special train on Special Fare (10 Trips)

Train No. 09561 Bandra (T) – Okha Weekly Superfast Special train will leave Bandra (T) at 23.55 hrs on every Wednesday and reach Okha at 17.35 hrs, the next day. This train will run from 16th May, 2018 to 13th June, 2018.

Similarly, Train No. 09562 Okha – Bandra (T) Weekly Superfast Special train will leave Okha at 17.00 hrs on every Tuesday and will arrive Bandra (T) at 10.15 hrs, the next day. This train will run from 15th May, 2018 to 12th June, 2018.

This train will halt at Borivali, Vapi, Surat, Vadodara, Anand, Nadiad, Ahmedabad, Viramgam, Surendranagar, Wankaner, Rajkot, Hapa, Jamnagar, Khambalia and Dwaraka stations in both the directions.

The train will consist of AC II Tier, AC III Tier, Sleeper Class and Second Class General Coaches.

The booking for Train No. 09561/09562 Bandra (T) – Okha Weekly Superfast Special Train on Special Fare will open from 11th May, 2018 at all Passenger Reservation Centers.

Southern Railway announces Train Rescheduling / Restoration / Cancellation and Running of Special Trains

Train No.22639 Chennai Central – Alappuzha express, scheduled to leave Chennai Central at 20.55 hrs. on 09.05.2018, has beenrescheduled to leave Chennai Central at 00.15 hrs. on 10.05.2018 (late by 3 hours and 20 minutes) due to late running of pairing train.

CANCELLATIONS

Train No.15227 Yesvantpur – Muzaffarpur (via Chennai Central) express, scheduled to leave Yesvantpur at 23.55 hrs. on 09.05.2018 and pass through Chennai Central at 09.30 / 10.00 hrs. on 10.05.2018has been cancelled due to abnormal late running of pairing train.

Likewise, due to Arakkonam yard signaling works of Southern Railway etc, the following trains are Cancelled as detailed below:-

  1. Train No. 56011 Arakkonam – Kadapa Passenger is cancelled on 10th May, 2018.
  2. Train No. 56012 Kadapa – Arakkonam Passenger is cancelled on 10th May, 2018.

RESTORATION OF TRAIN SERVICES TO AND FROM ARAKKONAM / TIRUTTANI & CANCELLATION OF PASSENGER TRAINS

ALL SCHEDULED EMU / MEMU SERVICES TO & FROM ARAKKONAM / TIRUTTANI WILL BE RESTORED ON 10.05.2018.

However, some passenger train services will be fully cancelled on 10.05.2018 as detailed below.

The following passenger trains will be fully cancelled on 10.05.2018.

  1. Train No.56008 Katpadi – Arakkonam passenger train, scheduled to leave Katpadi at 04.35 hrs. will be fully cancelled on 10.05.2018.
  2. Train No.56011 Arakkonam – Cuddapah passenger train, scheduled to leave Arakkonam at 07.05 hrs. will be fully cancelled on 10.05.2018.
  3. Train No.56012 Cuddapah – Arakkonam passenger train, scheduled to leave Cuddapah at 14.45 hrs. will be fully cancelled on 10.05.2018.
  4. Train No.56002 Arakkonam – Chennai Central passenger train, scheduled to leave Arakkonam at 22.15 hrs. will be fully cancelled on10.05.2018.

The above mentioned trains, cancelled on 10.05.2018, will be restored on 11.05.2018.

SPECIAL TRAIN FROM CHENNAI CENTRAL TO JOLARPETTAI

A special train will be run today – 09.05.2018 – from Chennai Central to Jolarpettai.

The Chennai Central – Jolarpettai special train will leave Chennai Central at 18.05 hrs. on 09.05.2018 and run to open timings.

This train will have the stoppages of Train No.16089 Chennai Central – Jolarpettai Yelagiri express and will stop at Perambur, Tiruvallur, Arakkonam, Chitteri, Anavardikhanpettai, Sholingur, Walajah Road, Mukindarayapuram, Katpadi, Gudiyattam, Valathoor, Melpatti, Ambur & Vaniyambadi.

CSTM Heritage Building will now be illuminated with Green Energy – yet another Green Energy initiative by CR

Chhatrapathi Shivaji Maharaj Terminus Heritage Building, Mumbai will soon be illuminated with green energy. The full energy consumption of heritage building and other office buildings of various divisions of Central Railway will be from Green Energy. This is yet another green initiative by Central Railway after recently converting Neral – Matheran section, Asangaon and Mankhurd as fully green energy stations.

The supply of green energy to Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus will soon be possible as Central Railway entered into an Agreement with M/s Sri Pavan Energy Pvt. Ltd, a Government of India Undertaking, to provide Power at Rs. 5.18 per unit recently. Under this agreement the power of 6 Mega Watt green energy generated by Wind Turbine by M/s Sri Pavan Energy Pvt. Ltd, under commissioning at Sangli district of Maharashtra will be utilized at 6 different stations of Central Railway and South Eastern Railway i.e Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus, Manmad, Bhusawal and Nagpur. A Total of 12.93 million units green energy is expected to be generated that will be utilised for the full energy consumption of Heritage building of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus and other office buildings of various divisions. The energy will be generated at Sangli district it will be received through the grid connection to various points of Central Railway. This power purchase will be utilized for meeting the requirement of Renewable Purchase Obligations (RPO) and the agreement will be valid for 25 years. An estimated amount of Rs. 1.5 Crores will be saved on electricity bill through this agreement.

The illumination of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus Building with green energy will add another feather to the cap of Energy Conservation initiatives as a high priority mission in Railways.

छत्रपति शिवाजी महाराज टर्मिनस हेरिटेज बिल्डिंगमुंबई जल्द ही हरित ऊर्जा (ग्रीन एनर्जी ) द्वारा प्रकाशमान होगा । मध्य रेल के सभी विभागों,विरासत भवन तथा अन्य कार्यालय भवनों की पूरी ऊर्जा खपत हरित ऊर्जा (ग्रीन एनर्जी ) से होगी। हाल ही में नेरल-माथेरान सेक्शनआसनगांव और मानखुर्द को पूरी तरह से हरित ऊर्जा (ग्रीन एनर्जी ) स्टेशनों के रूप में परिवर्तित करने के बाद मध्य रेल द्वारा यह एक और पहल है।

  छत्रपति शिवाजी महाराज टर्मिनस को हरित ऊर्जा (ग्रीन एनर्जी )की आपूर्ति जल्द ही संभव हो जाएगी क्योंकि मध्य रेल ने मैसर्स श्री पवन एनर्जी प्राइवेट जो भारत सरकार की उपक्रम है के साथ इस परियोजना हेतु करार किया है जो मध्य रेल को रु. 5.18 प्रति यूनिट की दर से बिजली प्रदान करेगी । इस समझौते के तहत मेसर्स श्री पवन एनर्जी प्राइवेट द्वारा महाराष्ट्र के सांगली जिले मई स्थापित पवन टरबाइन द्वारा उत्पादित 6 मेगा वाट हरित ऊर्जा (ग्रीन एनर्जी ) की शक्ति का उपयोग  मध्य रेल और दक्षिण पूर्वी रेलवे अर्थात छत्रपति शिवाजी महाराज टर्मिनसमनमाडभुसावल और नागपुर के 6 अलग-अलग स्टेशनों पर उपयोग किया जाएगा। कुल 12.93 मिलियन यूनिट की हरित ऊर्जा (ग्रीन एनर्जी )उत्पन्न होने की उम्मीद है जिसका उपयोग छत्रपति शिवाजी महाराज टर्मिनस के विरासत भवन, मध्य रेल के  विभिन्न विभागों एवं अन्य कार्यालय भवनों की पूर्ण ऊर्जा खपत के लिए किया जाएगा। सांगली जिले में ऊर्जा उत्पन्न की जाएगीइसे मध्य रेल के विभिन्न बिंदुओं के ग्रिड कनेक्शन के माध्यम से प्राप्त किया जाएगा। इस बिजली खरीद का उपयोग नवीकरणीय खरीद करार (आरपीओ) की आवश्यकता को पूरा करने के लिए किया जाएगा और यह समझौता 25 वर्षों के लिए मान्य होगा। इस समझौते के माध्यम से बिजली बिल पर अनुमानित राशि रु 1.5 करोड़ रुपए की बचत होगी ।

छत्रपति शिवाजी महाराज टर्मिनस बिल्डिंग का हरित ऊर्जा (ग्रीन एनर्जी ) के साथ प्रकाशवान होने से रेल्वे ऊर्जा संरक्षण के क्षेत्र में एक और अध्याय जोड़ देगी ।

Northeast Frontier Railway accused of Safety breach

The N.F. Railway has been accused of serious breach of safety of the passengers in the region. If the N.F. Railway Mazdoor Union is to be believed, trains from Dibrugarh station are leaving without proper examination and repair.The number of trains has been increasing from Dibrugarh Railway Station in Banipur but the station lacks required infrastructure, spare parts and adequate manpower for maintenance, repair and examination. Given the number of trains running from and arriving at the station, there is a requirement of another 500 personnel in various departments to carry out proper examination of trains, according to the union.

The central vice president of N.F. Railway Mazdoor Union, Sanjib Bhattacharyya told that the passenger safety is in danger due to improper examination and repair of trains due to lack of adequate manpower, non-availability of adequate spare parts and for not providing the prescribed coach examination time.

“Our union is not against having more and more trains from the station. We are demanding that additional manpower be made available with every increasing train and the time prescribed for examination of each coach be allotted. We are also demanding that spare parts be made available at the workshop,” said Sanjib Bhattacharyya.

It may be noted that over 30 trains originate and terminate from and at Dibrugarh. However, the Dibrugarh station lacks enough stabling (shunting) line to cope up with the increasing number of trains. It also lacks enough washing pit and sick line.

The union members are of the opinion that authorities must either stop introduction of more new trains or stop taking over primary maintenance of any more train without arranging additional manpower, spare parts and other infrastructure. “The existing staff is already overburdened and any further stress could be dangerous. The existing staff must not be harassed for the fault of the Railways to recruit additional manpower,” said Paresh Hazarika, Dibrugarh branch secretary of the N.F. Railway Mazdoor Union.

The union, which has launched 72-hour hunger strike at the workshop campus of Dibrugarh Station in Banipur in support of their various demands, has also asked the Railway authorities to stop outsourcing and privatization of regular nature of jobs.

Tech Talk held at Rail Nilayam/Secunderabad on ‘Block Chain Technology and its Applications’

The Centre for Railway Information Systems (CRIS) organized a Technical Talk o­n ‘Block Chain Technology and its Applications to crypto currency’ today i.e., 8th May, 2018 at Rail Nilayam Auditorium.

Vinod Kumar Yadav, General Manager, South Central Railway was the Chief Guest o­n the occasion. M.Ravi Babu, Regional General Manger, CRIS, Secunderabad co-ordinated the program.

Speaking o­n the occasion, Vinod Kumar Yadav stated that Technological Innovations and systemic developments needs to be applied in the working of public oriented organizations for better services. The Tech Talks organized by CRIS are very useful in updating the technical knowledge. The concept of block chain technology and the core concepts underlying the system needs to be examined for implementation in the general distribution systems, he opined.

Dr.N.V.Narendra Kumar delivered an elaborate presentation on “Block chain Technology and its applications to crypto currency” with reference to Bit Coin etc. He stated that Bit Coin system is realized by a clever combination of cryptography, P2P networking, distributed consensus and fault tolerant computing. However, being a public network, Bit Coin was not considered to be suitable for institutional usage where privacy and scalability play a vital role. The core concepts underlying the Bit Coin system were found to be very useful for general distributed system. Ethereum, another public system and crypto currency, demonstrated how general purpose distributed computing can be achieved through smart contracts on the block chain technology. Finally, the permissioned private block chain technology was born for institutional usage, where participating entities are assigned specific roles and responsibilities.

Dr.N.V.Narendra Kumar obtained M.S and Ph.D. Degree in Computer Science from Tata Institute of Fundamental Research. His research areas are Design, Modeling, Analysis and Development of Secure Computer Systems. He is recipient of “Microsoft Research India Rising Star Award” for his Ph.D thesis on Malware detection by behavioral approach and protection by access control. He has a U.S. patent on “Decentralized Information Flow Securing Method and System for Multi Level Security and Privacy Domains”. He is currently working on building a Model Block Chain platform at a centre for payment systems.

John Thomas, Additional General Manager, N. Madhusudana Rao, Principal Chief Operations Manager, South Central Railway and other Heads of the Departments and employees participated in large number.